CO2 budgets for municipalities - An introduction


With the following modules and interactive material you will be able to take part in an introductory journey to discover how to work with CO2 budgets in municipalities.

This course material has been developed using tools, concepts and guidelines under the framework of the EO4GEO project. Unless stated otherwise, all rights for figures and additional material are with the author(s).

You can navigate through the different modules of this course using the horizontal arrows (← →)  and clicking on each TITLE or on the linking icons on each page.

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What is a CO2 budget?

  • Global Carbon Project (2019): A CO2 budget (carbon budget) is the upper limit of CO2 emissions in order to remain below a specific average global temperature
  • Cambridge Dictionary: An amount of carbon dioxide that a country, company, or organization has agreed is the largest it will produce in a particular period of time
  • The global CO2 budget can be split in space and time, for instance as a national CO2 budget for the period 2020 – 2050
  • The budget may also include targets and a plan on how to reach the goals
  • The Paris agreement has a two-headed temperature goal. It pledge to keep the average global surface temperature “well below 2 °C” and “pursue efforts” to limit the increase since preindustrial times to 1.5 °C

Implementing CO2 budgets

  • We need data for describing the current status, option analysis and evaluation of the implementation
  • This course has a focus on data (supply, needs, usage, modelling, processing services, …)
  • In recent years, the data supply issues have been addressed by Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) at various levels.
  • At European level this is manifested by the INSPIRE directive

New European Initiatives

  • The European Green Deal:
    • Accessible and interoperable data are at the heart of datadriven innovation. This data, combined with digital infrastructure … and artificial intelligence solutions, facilitate evidence-based decisions and expand the capacity to understand and tackle environmental challenges.
  • A European Strategy for data:
    • A Common European Green Deal data space, to use the major potential of data in support of the Green Deal priority actions on climate change, circular economy, zero pollution, biodiversity, deforestation and compliance assurance.
  • The data spaces are often described as business ecosystems
  • Investopedia: A business ecosystem is the network of organizations—including suppliers, distributors, customers, competitors, government agencies, and so on—involved in the delivery of a specific product or service through both competition and cooperation. The idea is that each entity in the ecosystem affects and is affected by the others, creating a constantly evolving relationship in which each entity must be flexible and adaptable in order to survive as in a biological ecosystem.

Source: European Union, 2020

Learning Objectives

The goal of this course is that you should be able to create CO2 budgets to be used by municipal administrations

The course consists of three lectures

  • Current status of CO2 emissions
  • Impact modelling
  • Monitoring CO2 emissions

Content of the course

1Current status of CO2 emissions link icon
2Impact Modelling link icon
3Monitoring CO2 emissions link icon

L1 | Current status of CO2 emissions

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L2 | Impact Modelling

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L3 | Monitoring CO2 emissions

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